Tag Archives: ASEAN

KEKACAUAN DI BURMA

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EXPELL Myanmar Ambassador from Kuala Lumpur

Non-stop brutal violences taking place against Rohingyans: Urgent intervention require in Arakan
Press release by NDPHR(exile),

There are on going communal violences growing day to day in inside Arakan/Rakhine state from the day of 3rd June- where 10 muslims massacred in Taungup township. The armed forces who are acting as security forces are sided with Rakhine people and explored more brutal violences against Rohingyans.

The government does not show any sign to stop on going crimes committing by Rakhine people therefore there is in need of international intervention, urgently. Today around 9am, the government ordered to leave all NGOs fnorthern Arakan state..

In brief up to afternoon of today 10 June, at least 200 Rohingyans from Maungdaw and about 30 Rohingyans from Sittwe were shot dead by security forces and other about 50 Rohingyans taken away are missing, Rohingya houses in 30 villages from Maungdaw and Rohingya houses in six villages from Akyab were burn down by Rakhine people. Rohingyans those came out to stop fire were shot dead by security forces. Beside, thousands of Rohingyans homeless and displaced and facing shortage of foods and those injuries are with lack of medic care.

In Akyab/Sittwe city, there are Duamraung and Bumay villages including the mosque near Sittwe airport are still burning. At early morning 4:00am of today, Harzamya village was burnt down, at least 13 Rohingyas were shot dead by Police and Paramilitary Forces, 4 injured.

At around 09:15 am, Police Officer Than Htin killed innocent one Rohingya girl (Ramzaan- 12yrs ) Rohingya boy (Name –Abdu Rahaman-10yrs ) and her brother injured. Dead body was taken by Paramilitary Forces. From yesterday evening, Rakhine people started gangly attacking of Rohingyan villagers and setting fire of their villages after security forces shot fire into the houses. From last night to today early morning, at least dozen of Rohingyans were killed and 30 other were taken away. Arzimya, Nadikya villages were burnt down into ashes.

In Bumay village, under the guide of Rakhine people the police shot dead five Rohingyans during they went into the houses to those Rakhine set fire to go there in order to stop the fire there. Rakhine people are still rounding with lethal knives and chanting with loud speakers- “terminate kala”, “kala-kala.. kill-kill” (‘Kala’ is a racial slur word used to call Rohingya by Rakhine). Several other Rohingyan houses including houses from Kondan-ward were set on fire. It is also confirmed that Rakhine people those came to set fire were entering wearing muslim religious dresses. The local authorities plus police forces are encouraging the Rakhine to eliminate the Rohingyas and set fire at houses. Again early morning today, a group of Rakhine tried to burn Nazi Village but it was stopped by Rohingyan villagers

On previous night of 4 June, A large group of Rakhine people marched to attack the ancient Foktoli mosque and village of Nazi. But it was broke away by security forces after Rohingya villagers came out to resist them.
In Maungdaw township from Friday afternoon, 8 June. Security armed forces involving Rakhine people are acting mainly in shooting and killing of at least 200 Rohingyans and taking away the bodies, burning down 30 Rohingyan villages including religious building, destroying shop lots and looting goods and cash.

NDPHR would like to raise with some escalated the following reports; From Friday at about 2:00pm, 8th of June, the riot police fired more than 40 rounds at about 500 Rohingya peaceful prayers who are going to demonstrate peacefully in Myoma Kayandan village of Maungdaw Town to give the respect to the massacred 10- Muslim in Taungup on June 3. That killed at least two Rohingyas, several other injuries and some houses are burning at the this moment.

Beside, the main central mosque and prayers were attacked by Rakhine people in the presence of riot police. That created furious tension and followed attacking each other. Early morning of 9 June, military forces entered into Hunri-para and shot at Rohyingyas . At least 5 persons death and the bodies were lifted by truck.
Again afternoon, after military guarded Narittardil(ward-5), Rakhine brunt down the mosque.

On the following day the following religious buildings have been torched to burn down; 1)Morcos mosque of Sikdarpara, 2)Noapara mosque, 3)Sambanna and Sarkumbo mosques of Ali Thangyaw.

At midnight of 8 June, the Hlun Htein forces from Ngakura village accompanied by the extremists from the Rakhine village of San Oo Rwa (Hatipra) attacked the Rohingya villagers of the same village, killing one person injuring 3 others. The dead body was carried away by the killers. In many villages, security forces corporately with Rakhine people fired to the Muslim houses. When the inmates left their homes the Rakhine set fire. The villages of Hatalia, Sommonia, Razarbil, Kayandan and San Oo are among those which were also attacked.

From 9 June, the Buddhist monks and Rakhine extremists escorted by security forces were announcing ‘War on Kalas, (war on Rohingyas) along the street of Maungdaw. This message was spread like a wild fire all over Maungdaw and Buthidaung townships. The villagers also confirmed that many security forces dressed in civil clothes but with arms are firing at the Rohingyas.

Despite government authority had mutually approached on following protest near Sulay of Yangon, similar approach was not delivered in Arakan state. In Arakn, the armed forces were sided with Rakhine people and explored more brutal violences against Rohingyans. They also set fire a few Rakhine houses in order to tarnish Rohingyan people’ image.

It’s learnt from the beginning that despite Rohingyan villagers both in Maungdaw and Sittwe are confined within their villages under Curfew order, security forces are shooting at Rohingya villagers with cool blood and Rakhine people are still allowed to attack Rohingyans and to fire houses, to loot goods and cash in the present of security forces.

The due course of pending action against the mass killing of 10 Muslims in Taungup, is also a part of continuing tension between Rakhine and Rohingya communities. While authority has not yet arrested those terror Rakhine people.

All of such violence are direct result from the subject of Arakanese Rohingya Muslims are not entitled to be citizenship under new citizenship law-1982 based on the changes of Rakhine state from Arakan state in 1974. So, Rohingya people have to face oppressions in common and brutal attacks periodically and occasionally.
The mass killing of 10 Muslims by 300 Rakhine people in Taungkup on the 3rd of June, was one of the shock wave of their intentional desires of Rakhine people. For Rakhine people, it was a part of fulfilling to the chapter of muslim-free-zones defined from 1983 which consists Gwa, Taungup, Tandwe and Ponnagyuan townships. There were several hundreds of Rohingyans were killed in similar way in these regions and such crime will be carried on until the government implement such draconian act.

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Sports ministry denying Suu Kyi access to stadiums

Chiang Mai (Mizzima) – The Burmese government is throwing up obstacles to prevent the National League for Democracy (NLD) from booking sports stadiums for campaign rallies by opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi.

NLD campaign manager Nyan Win told a press conference on Monday in Rangoon that government sports minister Tint San is disrupting the NLD electoral campaign because the ministry will not allow access to book football stadiums, which are necessary to hold the large crowds that Suu Kyi attracts wherever she campaigns.

Government officials have repeatedly claimed that the April 1 by-election would be free and fair, a specific requirement sought by the international community prior to removing sanctions on the military-dominated government which says it is moving toward democracy. The NLD party is contesting for 48 seats in the by-election, and Suu Kyi said she plans to campaign across the country.

NLD spokesperson Ohn Kyaing said Suu Kyi wanted to deliver a speech at Pyapon Stadium in Irrawaddy Region on February 17, but the Sports Ministry would not make the stadium available and she was forced to deliver her speech at Thelgwin on the outskirts of Pyapon.

Talking about the ministry’s actions, Suu Kyi said in her speech in Thelgwin that such actions will damage the government’s credibility, especially with the international community which is carefully monitoring the by-election campaign.

The ministry also sent the NLD a letter rejecting its request to speak on February 15 at the Hlegu Football Stadium in Rangoon Region. Suu Kyi was permitted to use the stadium after the Union Election Commission (UEC) mediated between the two sides. A similar case involved Suu Kyi’s trip to Pathein in Irrawaddy Region in the first week of February, Ohn Kyaing told Mizzima.

On February 4, Suu Kyi was forced to postpone her planned campaign trip to Mandalay because the authorities said the Myanmar Football Federation refused to rent the Bahtoo football stadium for a speech.

The NLD applied on February 17 to the Mandalay Region Sports Department to use the stadium located near Mandalay Mountain, but the authorities did not reply, said Myo Naing, an NLD official from Mandalay Region.

The UEC has been informed about the issue, but so far it has not taken any preventive action, said Ohn Kyaing.

Minister Tint San is the owner of A.C.E Construction Company. In the 2010 general elections, he won a Lower House seat in Myaungmya Township as a Union Solidarity and Development Party candidate. In March 2011, he resigned to become Minister of Hotels and Tourism and Sports Minister.

In the April 1 by-election, Dr. Phyo Ko Ko Tint San, a son of Minister Tint San, is a candidate for a seat in the Myaungmya Township constituency. The NLD candidate is Mann Johnny.

Meanwhile, at the NLD press conference on Monday, Nyan Win said Upper House MP Dr. Myat Nyar Na Soe has resigned from the National Democratic Force to become an NLD member.

http://networkedblogs.com/ubZLL

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ASEAN should push Myanmar on Rohingya Issue too

ASEAN should be brave enough to remind Yangoon on the rights and plight of the Rohingyas.  The Rohingyas are the legitimate habitant in the Arakan and nearby areas and they had been staying there for hundreds of years and they are recognized as the owner of the land.  

Baseless allegations such as Rohingyas are the migrators from Bangladesh are the common escapism sentence that will be used by the SPDC regime to allow their brutality and harrassment to these Rohingyas. 

The leaders of ASEAN, I’m sure have enough information and in-fact some of them had the opportunity to see the truth of what this SPDC regime had done to their own people. 

ASEAN is not a forum only for the leaders, it is also a forum for us, the people of ASEAN.  People of ASEAN cannot tolerate such a notorius government who doesnt have any guts to accept their own people.  

ASEAN should push Myanmar harder on the issue of human rights, democracy and tolerancy.  The current development on democracy in Myanmar is just a lip service.  The foreign Minister of ASEAN is wasting the tax-payers money in Senggigi  if they cant do anything better than pressuring the SPDC regime to uphold the basic human rights to its own people.

SHAHRUL PESHAWAR, Kampung Baru, Kuala Lumpur

 

ASEAN to push Myanmar on democracy, wants sanctions lifted

http://www.reuters.com/article/idUSTRE70F0D320110116

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Aktiviti INSAF di koran Indonesia

singgalang

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Mencari rakyat Malaysia di jalanan – Jakarta Tengah – Jangan sebegini kasar dong!

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Kenapa kasar bangat dong? Bukankah kita satu rumpun?   Indonesia kan selalu mengaku sebagai abang besar di rantau ASEAN ini… bukankah abang perlu menasihati adik kalau terjadi pertelingkahan?

Cara ini tidak manis dan tidak cocok buat kita bangsa-bangsa yang merdeka.  Jangan diapakan rakyat Malaysia yang ada di Jakarta dan dimana-mana di bumi Indonesia.  Mereka nggak bersalah, menghukum mereka tidak menyelesaikan langsung pemasalahan yang timbul, berbincanglah dengan cara terbaik.

Saya merayu kepada Aktivis Ganyang Malaysia agar mengarahkan kemarahan itu dalam bentuk memo dan notis bantahan dan tidak perlu kepada usaha untuk mencari rakyat Malaysia untuk dikeronyok.  Saya rayu agar hubungan baik Indonesia dan Malaysia dapat terus kekal dijaga, keutuhannya dipertahankan.

Kesilapan dan kebodohan sesetengah pihak baik dari Malaysia atau Indonesia perlu diperbetulkan namun tidak perlulah kita bersikap melampau dalam menangani urusan ini.  Saya merayu rakyat Indonesia yang patriotik untuk melindungi rakyat Malaysia dari sebarang ancaman oleh mereka yang sedang panas dan mahu mengambil undang-undang dari aparat keamanan.

Jangan keruhkan hubungan ini didalam bulan Ramadhan yang cukup mulia ini.

Ikhlas dari hati saya.

SHAHRUL PESHAWAR, Alor Setar

gambar dari:- http://foto.detik.com/readfoto/2009/09/08/161230/1199278/157/3/

Activists conduct sweep against Malaysians on street

The Jakarta Post ,  Jakarta   |  Tue, 09/08/2009 10:33 PM  |  National

Dozens of activists from the Ganyang Malaysia (Crush Malaysia) Volunteers conducted a street sweep against the neighboring country’s citizens on Jl. Diponegoro, in Central Jakarta, on Tuesday.

The ID card check lasted about three hours before the police stepped in and dispersed the activists, who failed to find any Malaysian national.

The volunteers, clad in red and white accessories, stopped every pedestrian, motorcyclist and driver, asking them to show their ID cards.

One of the volunteers, Aji Kusuma, said the group initiated the sweep as they were disappointed with the government’s slow response to Malaysia’s repeated claims on Indonesian cultural heritage.

“Our dignity and pride has been trampled on, but the government seems to ignore it,” secretary-general of the Volunteers to Defend Democracy (Repdem) told The Jakarta Post.

“We need a decisive government and we don’t think it exists under President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono.”

The ID check caused the traffic around Cikini in Menteng district to halt for several hours despite the police’s efforts to channel the flow of vehicles to alternative routes.

Central Jakarta Police chief of operation Adj. Sr. Comr. Aries Syahbudin said the sweeping was considered illegal.

“They did not notify us about their rally in advance,” Aries said.

The activists threatened to conduct another sweep in the next few days.

“We will evaluate our action today before we plan the next rally. It could take place outside the Malaysian embassy,” Aji said.

Founding president Sukarno launched a Ganyang Malaysia campaign in the mid 60s to fight against the formation of a Malaysian confederation state, which was deemed as a neo-colonialist power’s move to lay siege to Indonesia. (bbs)

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‘Three Es’ to end insurgency

PUTRAJAYA, June 9 — Malaysia has agreed to help Thailand revamp the curriculum of its Islamic schools, as part of a bid to end the Muslim insurgency in its neighbour’s violence-wracked south.

Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Razak, speaking after his Thai counterpart Abhisit Vejjajiva’s first official visit to Malaysia yesterday, said both countries believed they could resolve the decades-old unrest through the “Three Es”: education, employment, economy.

‘We remain optimistic that things can get a lot better if we continue to focus on… giving them a better future,’ he said at a press conference with Abhisit.

The Thai Premier led a team of 38 officials, including his deputy Suthep Thaugsuban and Foreign Minister Kasit Piromya.

The two leaders discussed steps to develop the economy in southern Thailand, as well as Malaysia’s contribution in providing scholarships and vocational training for Thai-Muslim students.

Buddhist-majority Thailand annexed the former ethnic-Malay sultanate in 1902, leading to decades of tension which exploded in renewed violence in 2004.

More than 3,400 people have been killed so far in Pattani, Yala and Narathiwat, where residents are more fluent in a Malay dialect than they are in Thai, and live in one of Thailand’s poorest areas.

The region remains under martial law and sporadic violence has continued, with suspected militant gunmen killing 10 worshippers and wounding 13 in a mosque late yesterday, although Bangkok’s counterinsurgency effort has managed to reduce the attacks.

According to the Council on Foreign Relations, a United States-based think-tank, analysts believe Malaysia is willing to help restore stability in the Thai south as it fears the violence may spill over into its territory.

There was also a rash of allegations that militants were being trained in Malaysia, although there was little evidence to support the claim. — The Straits Times

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Anggota Parlimen sepakat sokong usul kecam Israel

12/01/2009 9:35pm

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KUALA LUMPUR 12 Jan. — Anggota Parlimen Barisan Nasional (BN) dan pembangkang hari ini mengetepikan agenda politik masing-masing bagi menyokong usul mengecam serangan Israel terhadap rakyat Palestin di Gaza.

Ketika membahas usul tergempar mengecam pencerobohan dan serangan Israel terhadap Palestin di Dewan Rakyat, Ketua Pembangkang Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim mencadangkan supaya kerajaan bertindak lebih tegas menangani isu itu dengan meminta Kementerian Luar memanggil Duta Amerika Syarikat (AS) untuk menyatakan bantahan keras rakyat Malaysia terhadap sokongan negara tersebut kepada tindakan Israel.

“Harapan Malaysia terhadap bakal presiden Amerika Syarikat Barack Obama ialah mengambil sikap yang adil kepada penduduk Palestin kerana jelas pendirian Obama terlalu keras menyokong Israel. “Seluruh rakyat Malaysia termasuk daripada semua parti di negara ini menunjukkan rasa tidak senang hati dengan pentadbiran yang memihak kepada penjenayah perang dan melihat kelesuan pemimpin negara Arab yang nampak tidak menunjukkan sikap keberanian untuk memperjuangkan nasib rakyat,” katanya semasa membahaskan usul mengecam serangan Rejim Zionis Israel di Gaza di Persidangan Dewan Rakyat di sini hari ini.

Anwar juga mencadangkan agar Malaysia mengambil inisiatif supaya bekerjasama dengan Brunei dan Indonesia mengetuai pasukan yang menunjukkan sikap dan pendirian yang membenci keganasan dan kezaliman.

“Kita boleh berunding dengan Brunei dan Indonesia untuk menunjukkan sikap tegas dan berani menentang kezaliman rejim Israel terhadap rakyat Palestin yang dibunuh kejam,” kata Anwar, yang juga penasihat Parti Keadilan Rakyat (PKR) dan aggota Parlimen Permatang Pauh.

Bagaimanapun dalam perbahasan itu Anwar tidak mengkritik tindak tanduk AS atau keupayaan negara berkenaan untuk menyelesaikan masalah itu.

Sementara itu, Presiden PAS Datuk Seri Abdul Hadi Awang (PAS-Marang) mencadangkan agar Malaysia mengambil tindakan mengheret Israel ke mahkamah antarabangsa kerana mencabuli undang-undang antarabangsa.

“Ini kerana Israel telah mencabuli piagam Pertubuhan Bangsa Bersatu (PBB) dan telah menunjukkan yang ia tidak berdisiplin,” katanya.

Timbalan Setiausaha Agung DAP P. Ramasamy, yang juga anggota Parlimen Batu Kawan, berkata Israel boleh dilabel sebagai sebuah negara pengganas kerana membuat tindakan unilateral menyerang Palestin.

“Israel kini mencari jalan baru untuk mendominasikan Palestin dengan menyerang. Mereka ingin mengekalkan dominasi mereka terhadap Palestin.

“Oleh itu, kita kena adakan perbincangan dengan Kesatuan Eropah, Rusia dan semua kuasa besar untuk mencari jalan penyelesaian masalah ini,” katanya.

Beliau berkata PBB gagal mencari penyelesaian untuk masalah itu dan kini masanya telah tiba bagi semua negara bersuara mengenai permasalahan ini dan kita mesti meyokong kerajaan kita untuk menyelesaikan masalah ini.”

Naib Ketua Pemuda Umno Khairy Jamaluddin (BN-Rembau) pula meyifatkan masalah di Palestin sebagai masalah sejagat yang hanya boleh diselesaikan oleh masyarakat antarabangsa.

“Dunia menjadi saksi apa yang berlaku di Palestin. Semua mesti menyokong mencari jalan penyelesaian masalah ini. Langkah pertama ialah gencatan senjata oleh kedua-dua pihak,” katanya.

Beliau juga meminta masyarakat dunia untuk menambah tekanan terhadap Israel termasuk sekatan ekonomi.

Khairy turut mencadangkan agar satu pasukan pengaman dibentuk supaya rakyat Palestin tidak diancam atau dipaksa oleh rejim Zionis Israel.

“Sistem antarabangsa kini berat sebelah, menyebelahi sesebuah pihak. Sistem politik antarabangsa yang diamalkan sekarang tidak mendengar suara masyarakat dunia.

“Kita juga perlu menyusun semula PBB dan struktur baru itu perlulah menjaga kepentingan semua, tidak kira, bangsa dan agama,” katanya.

Sementara itu Datuk Ibrahim Ali (Bebas-Pasir Mas) pula mencadangkan kakitangan kerajaan dipotong gaji sehari dan duit itu disalurkan kepada tabung Palestin.

“Biarlah derma ini disalurkan dengan betul agar ia sampai ke tangan rakyat Palestin. Lebih baik jika dihantar dalam bentuk pakaian, makanan atau peralatan bukan dalam bentuk wang ringgit,” katanya.

 BERNAMA

 

 

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United Nations Worried Over Nigeria’s Donation To Myanmar

From Laolu Akande New York

NIGERIA’S donation of a whopping $500,000 to the military junta in Myanmar few weeks ago is raising questions at the United Nations Secretariat in New York. An official of the Presidency arrived New York two days to Christmas to deliver the check at a hurriedly put together bilateral meeting between the Nigerian Ambassador, Prof. Joy Ugwu, and her Myanmar counterpart at the UN building.

But for the invitation to few members of the UN press, the event would have passed unnoticed and branded a secret deal. Even Nigeria’s former Foreign Affairs Minister who is a UN’s top official on Myanmar was not aware of the donation. A source at the Nigerian mission disclosed that even top Nigerian diplomats at the UN could could not explain the transaction any better than, that the whole affair was an “order from the headquarters (Abuja).”

Professor Ogwu only said that the money was Nigeria’s own contribution to the “ongoing relief efforts in the country, following the devastation caused by cyclone Nargis in May 2008,” in Myanmar.

But observers are however wondering why Nigeria’s own contribution came some six months after the tragedy and why a presidency official had to be specifically detailed to deliver the cheque instead of any of the senior Nigerian diplomats in New York. The other question is why the Federal Government chose to make the money directly available to the Myanmar government when the UN had set up a special fund to warehouse international donations to help victims of the Myanmar cyclone.

Media reports quoted Ambassador Joy Ogwu as saying UN Special Envoy on Myanmar, Nigeria’s Professor Ibrahim Gambari had no role to play in the donation. Gambari’s office at the UN also confirmed this saying he “had no prior knowledge of this transaction or the motive, if any, on the part of the Nigerian Government,” adding however that Professor Gambari does not object to the donation

A reporter with Inner City Press in New York, Lee reported that, “Nigeria gave its money directly, in US dollars, and apparently with no requirement to report back on how the funds are used. This is the type of hard currency for which Senior General Than Shwe is desperate.” He wrote that Nigeria would be seen to be supporting a military dictator by making such a donation “with no strings attached.”

On ther hand, some transparency and accountability on how the money would be spent would have been possible had the money been donated through the United Nations. When contacted for comments, a top Nigerian diplomat simply said the Foreign Affairs Ministry wanted the money to be handed over to Myanmar directly.

Why Nigeria would seek to please one of the few remaining military tyranny in the world is an issue that baffles many at the UN. A retired top Nigerian diplomat who had represented the country at the UN said it is simply shocking that Nigeria would do such a thing without passing through the normal diplomatic channels of the United Nations, since it was the UN that had called for international support to Myanmar.

The Abuja dole is coming at when the the UN and the global community are telling the Myanmar military dictator to move faster with democratic reforms. For instance, the UN Secretary-General, Ban Ki-moon has postponed plans to visit the place and there are no scheduled visits in the foreseeable future by the UN Special Envoy Gambari, who has been working round the clock to advance democratic reforms in Myanmar.

Ki-Moon said last month at the UN that he was “disappointed by the unwillingness of the government of Myanmar (Burma) to deliver on its promises for democratic dialogue and the release of political prisoners.”

By donating half a million bucks to Myanmar and doing it without the knowledge of the UN, Nigeria may be indirectly courting the enmity of those in the international community who are insisting that an iron hand be applied on the Myanmar dictatorship. The timing of the donation according to a source is also an indication, of “bad planning” by the Foreign Affairs Ministry in view of mounting international against the military junta in Myanmar.

One report said that there are as many as 112 former heads of state and government from more than 50 countries urging the UN scribe to help to secure the release of all Burmese political prisoners by the end of the year 2008.

Led by Kjell Magne Bondevik, the former prime minister of Norway, the group told Ki-Moon that, “If the Burmese junta continues to defy the United Nations by refusing to make these releases by the end of the year (2008 ), we urge you to encourage the Security Council to take further concrete action to implement its call for the release of all political prisoners.”

The Federal Government of Nigeria made its donation of half a million dollars to Myanmar less than two weeks after these world leaders called for Security Council action against the Myanmar dictatorship.

What is more, the White House, last month, issued a statement urging the international community and the United Nations not to remain silent to oppressive, anti-democratic measures of the Burmese junta. The statement by Press Secretary Dana Perino, said “Brave Burmese patriots such as Min Ko Naing, Ko Ko Gyi, and Htay Kywe were among those who have been sentenced to 65 years imprisonment for their peaceful participation in the August 2007 protests, in which Burmese citizens, including monks and activists, called on the regime to address the basic needs of the Burmese people.”

At the donation on December 23, Prof Ugwu said Nigeria took the “opportunity to express our unflinching solidarity with the government and people of Myanmar for the concrete actions being taken to address the sitution”- referring to the cyclone tragedy. There are also those who see the gesture as part of Nigeria’s support of the South to South Integration at the UN, which seek to encourage stronger ties among the less developed countries of the world.

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Tadbir urus bencana perlu diperbaiki

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PEMBUAT dan pelaksana dasar mengenai program pengurangan bencana di rantau Asia baru saja selesai bersidang di Bali, Indonesia minggu lalu sebagai persediaan terakhir menyediakan dokumen perbincangan Mesyuarat Menteri-Menteri Asia yang berlangsung di Kuala Lumpur pada 2 hingga 4 Disember ini.

Persidangan di Bali memberikan tumpuan kepada penyediaan strategi pengurangan risiko bencana alam di Asia, dan menyediakan draf kenyataan bersama yang bakal dinyatakan Menteri-Menteri Asia di Kuala Lumpur nanti.

Kepemimpinan mengenai bencana di Asia nampaknya datangnya dari Jepun, negara yang sering di landa bencana geologi seperti gempa bumi, tsunami dan letupan gunung berapi dan berjaya mengurangkan risikonya.

Negara jiran seperti Indonesia dan Filipina, dua lagi negara di Asia yang berhadapan dengan risiko bencana alam yang tinggi dilihat sebagai mempunyai pengetahuan dan pengalaman yang banyak mengenai cara negara dan rakyatnya berhadapan dengan risiko bencana.

Perbincangan di Bali memberikan tumpuan kepada penilaian keberkesanan program pengurangan risiko bencana yang dilaksanakan kebanyakan negara Asia sejak dunia berhadapan dengan bencana tsunami pada 24 Disember 2004 yang meragut ratusan ribu nyawa.

Penilaian keberkesanan setiap negara mengurangkan risiko bencana berasaskan Kerangka Tindakan Hyogo iaitu tindakan jangka sederhana dan panjang yang penting untuk mengurangkan risiko bencana.

Tindakan perlu diambil mengikut kerangka ini ialah;

– Menjadikan program pengurangan risiko bencana sebagai keutamaan negara; 

– Menyediakan maklumat risiko bencana dan membangun langkah amaran awal;

– Membina budaya keselamatan dan ketahanan masyarakat terhadap bencana;

– Mengurangkan risiko bencana pada beberapa sektor penting; dan 

– Memperkukuhkan kesediaan untuk mengharungi bencana.

Ada beberapa perkara penting perlu dikenal pasti oleh sesebuah negara sekiranya ingin melaksanakan Kerangka Tindakan Hyogo dengan efektif.

Pertama; mengenal pasti jenis bencana kritikal, kawasan berisiko, sejarah kekerapan kejadian dan kesannya kepada masyarakat. Ini maklumat asas bagi menyediakan perspektif betul mengenai tindakan dan sumber akan digunakan untuk mengurangkan risiko bencana.

Di Malaysia, kita sedia maklum, bencana alam kritikal dan sering melanda ialah banjir dan ribut taufan. Kita juga berhadapan dengan risiko tanah runtuh tetapi kebanyakannya adalah berkaitan dengan cerun buatan manusia, bencana alam lain boleh dianggap mempunyai risiko rendah.

Kedua; bencana alam daripada perspektif tadbir urus juga menjadi isu kompleks. Lihat saja apabila bencana tsunami melanda Langkawi, Kedah dan Pulau Pinang, semua pihak tidak bersedia. Saintis mengetahui mengenai bencana tsunami tetapi tidak pernah terfikir boleh melanda perairan Malaysia. Ketika tsunami melanda, tiada suatu agensi pun merasakan bencana ini adalah di bawah pengurusannya.

Agensi terdekat mungkin Majlis Keselamatan Negara yang mengendalikan hal ehwal bencana; Jabatan Meteorologi kerana tsunami berkaitan dengan gempa bumi, jabatan ini merekod maklumat gempa bumi; Jabatan Pengairan dan Saliran kerana aspek banjir landaan tsunami, dan mungkin Majlis Daerah kawasan terbabit kerana mereka mentadbir keperluan daerah berkaitan.

Tiada siapa mempunyai tanggungjawab penuh apabila bencana melanda. Agensi mereka semua berkaitan, tetapi tidak dilihat sebagai tugas utama mereka. Tadbir urus mengenai bencana adalah isu kritikal perlu ditangani terlebih dulu untuk mengurangkan risiko bencana.

Aspek paling kritikal ialah hubungan bencana dan masyarakat, khususnya masyarakat yang ditimpa sesuatu bencana. Masyarakat di sesuatu kawasan mempunyai risiko bencana, sejak turun temurun, terdedah dengan bencana, biasanya membuat adaptasi untuk menyelamatkan nyawa dan harta, atau tindakan yang boleh mengurangkan impak bencana.

Lihatlah, bagaimana masyarakat tradisi membina rumahnya di tepi sungai. Jika banjir besar dan di luar dugaan, mungkin mereka tidak bersedia (ini satu pengalaman baru), maka dalam keadaan demikian impaknya menjadi tinggi.

Pengurungan risiko bencana boleh dikurangkan sekiranya masyarakat berkenaan dibabitkan sama dalam pengurusan bencana – terutama dengan memberikan pengetahuan saintifik dan membina sistem pengurusan pengurangan bencana yang praktikal. Kesedaran dan kesediaan masyarakat menghadapi bencana menjadi strategi pengurangan risiko bencana paling efektif.

Perkara lebih asas ialah hubungan bencana dan kemiskinan. Masyarakat termiskin tidak mempunyai kemampuan dan keupayaan berhadapan dengan bencana. Mereka lazimnya mendirikan tempat tinggal (pondok) di kawasan berisiko bencana dan hanya berserah kepada takdir supaya dilindungi malapetaka.

Hakikatnya, dalam kejadian bencana, kumpulan masyarakat miskin menjadi mangsa bencana paling serius. Angka kematian yang tertinggi biasanya membabitkan komuniti termiskin. Oleh itu, langkah mengurangkan risiko bencana yang paling asas ialah strategi mengurangkan kemiskinan dan tindakan tegas kerajaan melarang golongan termiskin (biasanya setinggan) menetap di kawasan berisiko bencana yang tinggi.

Di negara ini, bencana alam sering diketengahkan sebagai isu nasional yang kritikal. Hakikatnya, risiko bencana alam di kebanyakan kawasan di negara ini masih rendah. Kita bukan saja perlu bertindak mengurangkan risiko, tetapi mampu menghindarkan sepenuhnya bencana alam.

PROF DATUK DR IBRAHIM KOMO,
Pengarah Institut Kajian Bencana Asia Tenggara (SEADPRI).
UKM, Bangi, Selangor.

 

KOMEN:  Artikel yang menarik dalam ruangan Surat Pembaca dari Berita Harian.  Harapannya agar persidangan tersebut dapat melakukan sesuatu dalam mentadbir urus bencana yang bersifat serantau apatah lagi yang global.  Karenah birokrasi dan “red tape” harus dapat dikurangkan terutamanya dalam menangani bencana yang memerlukan bantuan serta merta. 

Ada bencana alam memang tak dijangka seperti akibat pemanasan global, gempa bumi, letupan gunung berapi, taufan dan tsunami, hatta banjir yang disebabkan oleh faktor pasang surut laut juga boleh dimasukkan sama.  Serangan unggas dan haiwan seperti belalang, tikus, burung, semut termasuk juga bencana JE dan Selsema burung dan  lain-lain boleh juga dimasukkan sebagai bencana yang terduga.

Tetapi bencana lain seperti banjir kilat, tanah runtuh, bangunan runtuh, pokok tumbang, serangan tikus, denggi, malaria, serangan beruk dan serangga ke petempatan manusia, HIV, dan sebagainya adalah bencana yang boleh dikawal, dijangka dan diambil langkah-langkah bagi mengelakkan ianya dari menular dan merebak.

Bagaimana pula bencana sebegini dapat ditadbir urus dengan lebih baik lagi.  Mungkin sedikit terkeluar dari konsep bencana penulis (bencana alam).

SHAHRUL PESHAWAR,  Alor Setar

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