Tag Archives: Somalia

Kain Pelikat: Catatan Petugas MRA

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA
Melihat Cikgu Azmi berkain pelekat ketika berada di bumi Gaza baru-baru ini sangat mengkagumkan. Walaupun saya lebih senang berbaju Melayu lengkap, saya tetap hormat dan menyanjung tinggi orang yang memilih untuk terus-terusan berkain pelekat. Malah saya juga gemar bersamping kain pelekat. Saya kira, seorang lelaki Melayu pasti memiliki paling kurang 4 helai kain pelikat dalam simpanannya pada sesuatu masa.

Berkain pelekat ke seminar dan konferens memang sesuatu yang asing lagi janggal di Malaysia, malah kalau kita memakai kain pelekat pergi kerja itu sudah masuk ke kategori membuang tabiat, Kain pelekat adalah pakaian ibadah di Malaysia. Dipakai untuk ke Masjid dan Surau, atau untuk menghadiri kenduri kendara jiran sekampung.

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Kain pelekat yang sudah koyak menjadi alas kaki atau menjadi sarung buah nangka sahaja. Masa kecil-kecil dahulu, saya selalu menjadikan kain pelikat yang diserkup dikepala, diikat dibelakang kepala dan kemudian dibuka perlahan-lahan dibahagian mata untuk menakutkan orang yang lalu dijalan sunyi – ikatan ala-ala Ninja.

Kain pelikat juga selain dipopularkan didalam lagu oleh penyanyi Anuar Zain turut dipopularkan oleh penyanyi Herman Tino dengan cara berbeza iaitu beliau sentiasa menyandang sehelai kain pelikat kemana saja dia pergi.

Di Thailand, di kawasan majoriti Melayu, kain pelekat dipakai sepanjang masa, nelayan menangkap ikan memakai kain pelekat, bermain bola juga berkain pelekat, tetapi disesuaikan ikatannya agar lebih senang berlari dan tidak terlucut tatkala di depan gawang gol. Kain pelekat juga dijadikan sebagai semutar (semacam serban) dililit dikepala, kain ini dipastikan sentiasa bersih senang untuk dibawa solat.

Di Somalia, kain pelekat juga dipakai sepanjang masa, bukan dalam waktu solat sahaja, mereka yang menjadi bodyguard juga kadang kala memakai kain pelekat walaupun menyandang senjata, yang menjadi lanun menawan kapal dagang yang membawa muatan jutaan dollar juga hanya berkain pelekat. Negara kemarau dan sentiasa diancam kebuluran ini memandang tinggi kepada kain pelikat, setiap seorang lelaki Somalia mesti memiliki kain pelikat didalam rumahnya. Kenapa saya katakan mereka memandang tinggi kepada kain pelikat? Sebabnya harga biasa bagi kain pelikat yang sederhana disana adalah sekitar USD70, lebih kurang RM210.

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Di Myanmar, di Rangoon, Mandalay dan Sitwe, wilayah dan daerah yang telah saya kunjungi… hampir kesemuanya berkain pelekat. Kain pelekat dipanggil lonji disini. Pemandu beca berkain pelekat, pemandu teksi berkain pelekat, kakitangan kerajaan berkain pelekat, malah yang lebih menarik lagi, Perdana Menteri dan menteri-menteri kabinet juga berkain pelekat. Exco kerajaan negeri juga berkain pelekat. Pendeknya, kain pelekat bukan pakaian untuk ibadah semata, tetapi menjadi pakaian rasmi menyambut tetamu dari luar. Disini, sama seperti di Indonesia, kain pelekat ada iklan didalam TV. Model untuk kain pelikat adalah artis popular yang mempunyai ramai peminat.

Pemakaian kain pelikat di Myanmar agak menarik, kalau kakitangan pejabat kerajaan, mereka akan memakai baju kemeja “tuck in” kedalam kain pelikat. Tidak ada salahnya untuk selitkan dompet, handphone, kunci kereta mahupun payung dicelah pinggang persis pengantin lelaki Melayu meletak keris hiasan di pinggang.

Cara ikatan kain pelikat yang digunakan oleh kebanyakkan orang di Malaysia dan Indonesia saya gelar sebagai ikatan popia, sebab dia nampak macam popia yang digulung.. manakala ikatan kain pelikat di Myanmar saya panggil ikatan bonjot, nampak macam nak terlucut je tapi kukuh sebenarnya. Ikatan bonjot nie semacam ikatan samping P.Ramlee dalam filem madu tiga.

Di Myanmar, semua orang berkain pelikat biarpun apa agama yang dianutinya. Buddha, Islam dan Kristian semua berkain pelikat. Kalau boleh dibezakan pun, yang Muslim akan memakai kain pelikat berkotak-kotak besar sedangkan yang lain suka corak kotak-kotak yang halus dan kecil.

Saya tidak dapat nak bercerita tentang kisah kain pelikat di India, Sri Lanka, Maldives dan lain-lain kerana saya belum sampai lagi ke sana. Nak mereka-reka cerita ni bukan hobi saya.

Di Afghanistan, kain pelekat digunakan sebagai kain serban oleh pihak Northern Alliance, jadi jangan sebarangan memakai kain pelekat seperti di Malaysia takut memberi tanggapan lain kepada penduduk tertentu disana, boleh jadi memudaratkan diri nanti. Hati-hati kawan, jangan sampai pulang ke Malaysia dalam kargo nanti…

SHAHRUL PESHAWAR
Catatan Santai di Buhtatung, Rangoon

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Corruption, rape blight lives of Somali displaced

This article is part of an AlertNet special report on humanitarian aid: futureofaid.trust.org
http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/corruption-rape-blight-lives-of-somali-displaced/

By Abdi Sheikh

MOGADISHU (AlertNet) – Nurto Isak’s food rations are feeding her, her three children, and — she suspects — the militiamen guarding the camp in Mogadishu where she and other uprooted Somalis have taken refuge.

The city is host to more than 180,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) who, like Isak, have fled a killer combination of conflict, drought and hunger back home.

Many risk long, difficult journeys to reach the capital, their sights set on the numerous aid agencies that have set up relief operations to hand out food and treat malnutrition there.

Yet many people at various IDP settlements in the war-torn city complain that food aid is not reaching them and accuse local aid workers working for international and Somali NGOs of taking it to line their own pockets.

“Half of the rations intended for our camp is given to the warlord whose militia are said to be guarding us,” Isak told AlertNet, a humanitarian news service run by Thomson Reuters Foundation.

Many of the displaced said women were being raped in camps, while others lamented a lack of jobs, health clinics and schools despite the increased presence of aid groups.

Six months after famine was declared in parts of Somalia, the Horn of Africa country remains in the grip of a humanitarian crisis with 4 million people in need of aid, according to U.N. figures.

However, fighting between government forces and Islamist rebels, combined with attacks on aid workers and a history of aid being manipulated for political gain, means Somalia is one of the toughest countries for relief agencies to operate in.

As such, it is a classic case study of the obstacles to effective aid as highlighted in an AlertNet poll of 41 leading relief agencies.

In the survey, more than half the experts cited increasingly complex disasters as one of the biggest challenges to aid delivery — with the use of aid as a political weapon and violence against relief workers also featuring highly.

Last month two staff working for Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) were shot dead by a colleague in Mogadishu, while earlier this month the International Committee of the Red Cross suspended food distribution to 1.1 million people after al Shabaab rebels blocked deliveries to its areas under the militant group’s control.

“This is one of the most complex environments for humanitarians,” said U.N. humanitarian coordinator for Somalia, Mark Bowden, in response to claims by displaced people that food rations were being sold by local aid workers.

“Despite continued efforts to strengthen our monitoring systems, allegations still and will continue,” he said in a statement to AlertNet. “Each allegation is taken very seriously; investigations are conducted and, where necessary, programmes are adjusted. We always raised concerns about gate keepers who seem to control all assistance targeting IDPs.”

FAST BUCK

Some of the IDP camps — little more than a clutch of flimsy shelters made of sticks and cloth — are directly and indirectly run by government forces or warlords linked to the government, residents say.

Shukri Aden, a resident at another camp, said she had witnessed traders buying food supplies directly from a number of local staff working for NGOs and aid agencies responsible for distributing food in her camp.

“Traders park their cars and lorries beside the camp when it is food distribution day,” the mother of six said.

Once a month residents of the camps are handed a card that allows them to collect 25 kg of rice, 25 kg of wheat flour, 10 kg of sugar and 5 litres of cooking oil, Aden said.

But often they are pressured into handing their rations to a local aid worker who pays them around $5 each — hardly enough to buy food for a day.

The aid worker then sells the food at a marked-up price to a trader, earning thousands of dollars in profits, she said.

“They give us cards to take food but we rarely receive the ration,” said Aden, who has taken to begging and washing clothes to scrape together a few more shillings to feed her family.

RAPED AT GUNPOINT

A few miles away in Dinsoor IDP camp, Kadija Mohamed, 36, told AlertNet she was raped.

“Three armed men in government uniform came into the camp. The strongest one shone a powerful torch in my eyes, he strangled me and then raped me in front of my crying kids,” she said.

Mohamed, a widow, said she waited for sunrise before making her way to a nearby clinic only to be told there were no doctors.

“Later the camp leaders brought me some painkillers. Now I’m OK but I do not know what diseases I caught from the rape. I have nowhere to go for a check-up,” Mohamed said. “We live in these makeshift shelters. We have no aid agency or government to protect us at night. We are at God’s mercy.”

Isak also said rape was common in her camp.

“They rape even mothers at gunpoint at night — and we are threatened to death should we disclose it,” she said. “The makeshift shelters have no lockable doors, so these men just come in at night and lie on you.”

In its Jan 18 report, the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) said sexual violence against women and girls was continuing in Somalia. It also said security in the IDP settlements was insufficient and at risk of deteriorating.

QUESTION OF PRIORITIES

Mohamed’s brother, Macalim Ibrahim, 40, reserved his biggest criticism for government officials and local aid workers.

“These local aid workers are building houses with the sale of food intended for the poor displaced people like us,” he told AlertNet. “We are deprived and yet have no government or aid agencies to ask for help.”

He also questioned the effectiveness of some of the aid that has been given.

“Many NGOs come, take our photos, and never come back. For example, one aid agency came and erected this school building made of iron sheets,” Ibrahim said.

“We brought our kids to the school but it did not work more than 7 days. The guys took footage of the kids at school and never came back. And the teachers disappeared.

“Other aid agencies came and built these latrines. That is good but a hungry man never goes to the toilet. We need food and water to survive,” he said.

(Additional reporting by Katy Migiro in Nairobi; Writing by Katie Nguyen; Editing by Sonya Hepinstall)

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bukan senang mencari AIR


Budak lelaki ini terpaksa berjalan merentas padang pasir untuk mencari air bagi keperluan keluarganya… bayangkan cucu anda / anak anda / adik anda berada ditempat budak itu.. perhatikan kakinya… tidak berkasut..

Syukurkan kami atas nikmat yang dikurniakan kepada kami. Hulurkan bantuan anda melalui MRA di akaun MALAYSIAN RELIEF AGENCY – 5640 9820 6365 (MAYBANK)

Shahrul Peshawar

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Mencari Air… bantulah mereka


Bantulah mereka yang sedang dalam kesulitan. Bukan banyak atau sedikit sumbangan/bantuan anda yang menjadi ukuran, tetapi sejauh mana anda ikhlas membantu mereka yang dalam kesusahan.. itulah yang menjadi ukurannya.

Anda boleh memilih untuk menyumbang melalui MRA di akaun Malaysian Relief Agency – 5640 9820 6365 (Maybank).

Sekiranya anda ingin mendapatkan maklumat lanjut, sila hubungi kami di talian 03 2697 2007.

SHAHRUL PESHAWAR

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Simulasi SAHABAT MUDA MRA di KRM Taiping

EMPAT orang jejaka tampan yang berusia diantara 13-15 tahun ini sedang membantu kami menjayakan sesi simulasi MYCORPS di Kompleks Rakan Muda, Taiping.

Mereka melakonkan watak sekumpulan remaja di sebuah negara konflik yang menjadi mangsa kepada letupan jerangkap samar, walaupun mereka bukan anggota tentera tetapi mereka turut terdedah kepada bahaya sebegini…

Tahniah dan Syabas kepada adik-adik ini….

Shahrul Peshawar

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Qurban-qurban MRA 1432

QURBAN DI SOMALIA

QURBAN DI PAKISTAN

QURBAN DI INDONESIA

QURBAN DI THAILAND

ada lagi Qurban di Myanmar tapi takada gambar.

Shahrul Peshawar

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Laksanakan Qurban Terbaik di Somalia

Marilah sama-sama berkorban di Somalia, kalau bukan anda siapa lagi? kalau tidak sekarang bila lagi? Download borang dari website berikut: http://www.mra.my/bm/

Shahrul Peshawar

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