Tag Archives: UN

Berunding di Sitwe, Arakan

Peristiwa berdarah di bumi Arakan yang bermula dengan tuduhan liar tanpa bukti sahih mengenai pemerkosaan seorang gadis Rakhine di Pulau Ramree oleh tiga lelaki Rohingya menjadi punca utama kepada ketegangan ini. Peristiwa ini dibakar hangat oleh pihak tertentu dengan pengedaran beberapa risalah kepada penduduk kampung mengapi-apikan kejadian ini. Kebencian yang dipupuk ini kemudiannya diterjemahkan dengan peristiwa pembunuhan 10 orang Muslim di Taungup. Seorang pemandu bas, seorang konduktor bas wanita dan 8 orang anggota jemaah Tabligh dari Rangoon, yang bukan berbangsa Rohingya pun. Mereka telah dibelasah sampai mati kerana khabar angin yang tersebar mengatakan tiga orang lelaki yang didakwa merogol gadis Rakhine di Ramree ada dikalangan mereka, begitu mudah sekali khabar angin ini merebak. Tanpa usul periksa mereka dibunuh.

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Seterusnya, umat Islam di Maungdaw, daerah majoriti Rohingya selepas menunaikan solat Jumaat telah merusuh, tujuannya ialah untuk menandakan solidariti dan kemarahan atas peristiwa pembunuhan tersebut tetapi ianya telah merebak hingga tidak dapat dibendung, menyebabkan penduduk Rakhine terpaksa melarikan diri bagi menyelamatkan nyawa mereka. Maka, kemudiannya tercetuslah huru hara diseluruh wilayah Arakan, memaksa kerajaan pusat menghantar pihak Tatmadaw untuk mengawal keadaan setelah NASAKA dilihat gagal berfungsi seperti sepatutnya.

Rombongan MRA telah tiba di Sitwe pada bulan September 2012, dengan diketuai oleh saya sendiri, Sdr. Johari Kan Abdullah, Penyelia Sekolah Komuniti Rohingya MRA dan Sdr. Shahid @ Shine, Koordinator Projek Myanmar MRA. Ketibaan kami tidak mendapat sambutan baik. Kebencian kepada orang Islam dan negara majoriti Islam sangat jelas di lapangan.

Pertama yang kami hadapi ialah pihak hotel yang kami tempah telah berhasrat untuk membatalkan tempahan tersebut atas alasan kami adalah Muslim dan kehadiran kami bakal mencetuskan protes dan berpotensi untuk menggangu perniagaan mereka. Keadaan sungguh tidak menentu, unfriendly dan penuh ketegangan. Saya tidak pernah mengalami keadaan sebegini sepanjang saya berkhidmat dalam kerja-kerja bantuan kemanusiaan. Walau di Afghanistan, Pakistan, Somalia., kami tidak pernah merasa sempit dan sendat seperti disini.

Setelah berunding, kami diberikan juga bilik dengan layanan muka masam mencuka. Bilik itu pula ditingkat paling atas di hotel tidak berlif ini. Kami hanya dibenarkan bermalam selama dua hari sahaja, hari ketiga kami kena berambus dari situ. Kami tidak dibenarkan menyewa sebuah bilik sahaja, kami diarahkan untuk menyewa dua buah bilik atas alasan orang asing tidak boleh tinggal bersama dengan orang tempatan, Shine dikira sebagai warga tempatan.

Kedua, contact kami di lapangan tidak muncul. Apabila dihubungi, kami difahamkan bahawa beliau seboleh mungkin tidak mahu berurusan apatah lagi untuk bertemu dan berbincang dengan kami disini. Beliau mungkin telah mendapat tekanan atau ugutan dari pihak tertentu agar tidak berkerjasama dengan kami. Akibatnya, kami sukar untuk mendapatkan kenderaan bagi tujuan pergerakan disini. Namun, kami sentiasa ada backup plan yang telah disediakan bagi menghadapi ketidaktentuan seperti ini.

Kami telah mengaktifkan backup plan kami dan semuanya berjalan lancar. Tanpa contact asal pun kami masih dapat bergerak dan mengatur program sehingga mengatur pertemuan dengan Kerajaan Negeri Rakhine dan pihak berkuasa setempat.

Ketiga, kami ingin memastikan bahawa kami mesti sampai ke kawasan paling kritikal di Sitwe yang kami telah kenalpasti iaitu penempatan Aung Mingalar. Ini sahaja penempatan orang Islam yang masih tinggal disana. Terletak di tengah-tengah Sitwe, salah satu pintu masuk Aung Mingalar terletak di tepi tugu peringatan U-Tama, seorang Sami Buddha yang memimpin gerakan menentang penjajahan British. Berhadapan dengan tugu ini ialah The Grand Mosque of Sitwe yang kini diharamkan untuk didirikan solat ataupun untuk dimasuki bagi apa tujuan sekalipun oleh orang Islam.

Kami telah mencari jalan lalu mengatur dan mengadakan rundingan dengan Rakhine Nationalist Democratic Party (RNDP), Parti yang telah memenangi pilihanraya dan merekalah yang membentuk Kerajaan Negeri Rakhine. Pertemuan kami berlangsung dalam suasana fragile, penuh syak wasangka dan prejudis. Sepanjang rundingan berlangsung, kami sering disindir oleh pihak Rakhine, macam-macam kami disindir. Malah kami juga tidak dihidangkan air sepanjang perbincangan ini berjalan. Sepanjang duduk dalam rundingan ini, kami telah dikelilingi oleh orang-orang Rakhine ini.

Round Pertama ini tidak berjalan dengan lancar, kami sendiri tidak puas hati dengan keputusan rundingan ini. Kami berhasrat untuk bertemu sekali lagi dan kami perlu kelihatan lebih telus, serius dan impartial (tidak berpihak) bagi mendapatkan kepercayaan dan hormat dari mereka.

Round Kedua, kami hadir dalam rundingan dengan imej baru, kami tidak lagi berjanggut dan bermisai. Saya menyatakan kepada mereka melalui jurubahasa kami sdr. Shine – janggut itu penting kepada saya, tetapi perbincangan hari ini lebih penting lagi. Rundingan kami seterusnya walaupun tidak bertukar 360 darjah tetapi paling tidak 180 telah berubah, kami mula senyum dan ketawa, kami bukan setakat ditawarkan air mineral malah kami juga dihidang air panas 3 in 1.

Apabila ditanya apa hasrat dan tujuan kedatangan kami, mereka tidak membantah apabila kami mohon untuk menghantar bantuan ke penempatan Aung Mingalar sendiri, disiang hari tanpa perlu diiring oleh polis mahupun tentera.

Keempat, penterjemah kami diserang ketika beliau sedang mengatur pembelian makanan kering buat kali kedua di Pasar Borong Sitwe. Alhamdulillah, beliau terselamat dari kecederaan serius, walaupun dikepung oleh perusuh yang melebihi ratusan orang, beliau berjaya diselamatkan oleh Polis dan hanya cedera diketuk dengan pengetuk di kepalanya. Pengiring dari RNDP yang turut bersama beliau turut dihalau oleh para perusuh tersebut yang tidak tahu menahu sebarang kerjasama dan perjanjian yang telah dibuat diantara kami dan RNDP termasuk Kerajaan Negeri Rakhine.

Ketika kejadian ini berlaku, saya dan Johari berada di dalam penempatan Aung Mingalar, sedang berbincang mengenai projek bantuan yang akan diberikan selepas ini, kami terus bergegas ke Balai Polis untuk membawa keluar Sdr. Shine dari situ. Kami ditanya samada akan membuat laporan Polis mengenai kejadian ini atau tidak? Tetapi kami menyatakan bahawa kami tidak mahu memanjangkan isu ini sambil memahami ianya berlaku kerana prejudis yang tinggi serta salah faham mereka terhadap kami. Seboleh mungkin, kami tidak mahu mencetus sebarang isu di lapangan kerana kami hendak keluar masuk disini untuk jangkamasa lama, justeru sebarang insiden akan pastinya merencatkan pergerakan kami nanti. Pun begitu, isu ini tetap mendapat perhatian dari media antarabangsa, namun kami tidak begitu melayan isu ini, matikan api saja.

Selepas dari kejadian ini, kami masih terus membantu dikawasan ini dengan mengadakan ibadah qurban bersama penduduk disini, sebanyak 25 ekor lembu berserta 55 ekor kambing telah kami qurbankan untuk diagih-agihkan kepada para pelarian dan penduduk yang terkepung disini.

Hari ini, Alhamdulillah, kami telah berjaya membuka sebuah pejabat operasi di Rangoon dan bakal menghantar lebih banyak bantuan kepada kedua dua pihak yang bertelagah disamping mempromosi dialog silang agama dikalangan mereka.

Shahrul Peshawar
Kuala Lumpur

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World Refugee Day 2012

Imager

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Aid Worker Diaries – Top 10 Critical Needs Facing Refugees & Persons Displaced in Emergencies

During the initial stages of a conflict or natural disaster, those who are forced to flee are particularly at risk—women, children and young people most of all.

The Women’s Refugee Commission has identified 10 pressing needs that must be met during the first weeks and months of an emergency to ensure the safety and well-being of refugees and internally displaced people (IDPs)*. Some 43 million people are currently uprooted from their homes by armed conflict and persecution.

1. Keep refugees and IDPs safe. Ensure that they are settled in a secure location away from borders and ongoing conflict.

2. Provide safe access to basic needs, including food, safe and appropriate cooking fuel, potable water, sanitation and shelter.

3. Communicate with the people most affected and ensure their safety whether or not they have legal status or official documents. Ensure every adult is provided with individual documentation that allows him or her to access key services.

4. Provide life-saving health care, including reproductive health care. Ensure there are enough health workers and all necessary medicines and supplies to prevent and respond to infectious diseases and other health needs. Establish priority reproductive health services for women and girls.

5. Prevent and respond to sexual violence. Protect women and children from sexual violence by ensuring safe access to food, cooking fuel, water, latrines and other basic necessities. Offer medical services and psychosocial support to survivors of sexual violence.

6. Reduce the transmission of HIV. Enforce use of infection control measures by health workers; make condoms freely available; and ensure blood for transfusion is safe by screening it for HIV and other blood-borne diseases.

7. Prevent excess maternal and newborn mortality and morbidity. Provide skilled birth attendants for normal births; manage obstetric complications at health facilities; establish 24-hour emergency referral system; provide contraceptives to meet demands; provide clean delivery kits to all visibly pregnant women.

8. Identify vulnerable individuals with specific needs, such as unaccompanied minors, child- or women-headed households, pregnant women, victims of trafficking and persons with disabilities. Secure their care and physical security. Monitor, report and respond to violations against children.

9. Provide education to children and young people. Offer structure for children and restore hope and a sense of normalcy in a safe, adult-supervised space. Teach basic literacy and numeracy skills, and provide vocational training for young people.

10. Provide economic opportunities and preserve existing economic assets. Build on refugees’ skills, taking into account local market needs, to provide the best chance for a sustainable income. Protect women and girls from sexual exploitation by providing them with economic opportunities.

* A refugee has crossed an international border; an internally displaced person (IDP) has fled from his or her home but is still in his or her own country.

http://www.trust.org/alertnet/blogs/aid-worker-diaries/top-10-critical-needs-facing-refugees-persons-displaced-in-emergencies/

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Bersama Dr. Daud di Port Bossaso

Dr. Daud dah sampai ke Bossaso? Bukan, ini Dr. Daud Bossaso. Dia nie staf MRA Somalia. Kami bergambar kat Port Bossaso. UN guna port nie untuk bawa masuk makanan dan supply ke kawasan utara. Mana ada lanun sangat, dulu korang ingat tak yang panggil orang Bugis tu lanun sapa? Mat Salleh kan, cam tulah gak kat sini, depa panggil orang yang ganggu diaorang lanun… simple je.

Janganlah korang bayangkan Pelabuhan Kelang atau North Port tu, … ini Somalia lah, ini antara port terbaik yang diaorang ada, camana tempat yang port dia pun tak canggih boleh keluarkan lanun? Kalau ada sesapa nak hantar barang ke Somalia ikut Port Bossaso nie jangan risau, aku memang keturunan Bugis, kira lanun Malaya nanti aku “kow-tim” dengan lanun Somalia.

Shahrul Peshawar

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Malaysia: Government risks undermining democratic progress, say UN experts

GENEVA – UN human rights experts* on Monday expressed their dismay at the use of tear gas and water cannons by security authorities against peaceful protestors in Malaysia on Saturday, reportedly leading to injuries and one death, and the arrest of more than 1,600 people at the Bersih 2.0 rally.

“The right to freedom of opinion and expression, including in the form of peaceful protests, is essential for democracy. By declaring the demonstration illegal, sealing off parts of the capital in advance and responding in such a heavy-handed manner against peaceful demonstrators, the Government of Malaysia risks undermining democratic progress in the country,” said Frank La Rue, UN Special Rapporteur on the right to freedom of opinion and expression.

Tens of thousands of people gathered near the Medeka Stadium on Saturday despite the announcement made by the police that no gathering would be permitted that day on the basis of the Malaysia Police Act, which requires organizers of public gatherings of three or more persons to seek permits beforehand. The protests were called by Bersih, a coalition of more than 60 non-governmental organizations seeking to promote free and fair elections in Malaysia.

“Actions taken by the authorities prior to and during the rally unduly restricted the rights to freedom of expression, assembly and association,” said La Rue. “Declaring Bersih illegal based on claims that it is trying to topple the Government or is a risk to national security and public order – in the absence of any credible evidence to substantiate such claims – is also an unnecessary restriction of civil and political rights.”

According to Malaysian police, all of those arrested on Saturday have been released. But the UN experts noted that six leaders from the Socialist Party of Malaysia reportedly remain in detention. These individuals include Michael Jeyakumar Devaraj, Sukumaran Munisamy, Letchumanan Aseer Patham, Choo Chon Kai, Sarasvathy Muthu, and Satat Babu Raman.

“We remain deeply concerned about the detention of six individuals since 25 June under the Emergency Ordinance, which allows for detention without trial for up to 60 days,” said El Hadji Malick Sow, Chair-Rapporteur of the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention.

The Working Group on Arbitrary Detention also reiterated its recommendation, made to the Government of Malaysia following a visit to the country in June 2010, to repeal the Emergency Ordinance and other preventive laws, on the grounds that they significantly hinder fundamental human rights, such as the right to fair trial.**

The independent experts reminded the Government of Malaysia of its obligation to fully respect the rights to peaceful assembly, association, and expression, as guaranteed under the Federal Constitution and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. They also recalled that as a member of the Human Rights Council, Malaysia has pledged to uphold the highest standards in the promotion and protection of human rights.

“Malaysia, as a dynamic, multi-ethnic, multi-cultural and pluralistic nation, should remain open to legitimate political discourse on democracy, including the expression of dissent,” the experts said. “We urge the Government to allow all individuals to enjoy their human rights, and to address the problem of preventive detention. Likewise, we call upon the Government to ensure that there will not be any punitive measures taken against peaceful demonstrators.”

END

http://www.ohchr.org/en/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=11225&LangID=E

gambar ihsan Wartawan Rasmi Laman Reformasi  http://wrlr.blogspot.com/

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Climate change a growing humanitarian challenge: UN Source: Agence France-Presse (AFP)

 

06 Jun 2010 SYDNEY — Weather-related catastrophes brought about by climate change are increasing, the top UN humanitarian official said Sunday as he warned of the possibility of “mega-disasters”.

John Holmes, the Under-Secretary General for Humanitarian Affairs, said one of the biggest challenges facing the aid community was the problems stemming from changing weather patterns. “When it comes meteorological disasters, weather-related disasters, then there is a trend upwards connected with climate change,” Holmes, who is in Australia for high-level talks on humanitarian aid, told AFP.

“The trend is there is terms of floods, and cyclones, and droughts.” Holmes, who is the UN’s emergency relief coordinator, said it had been a tough year due to January’s devastating earthquake in Haiti, which killed more than 250,000 people. He said while earthquakes, such as the 7.0-magnitude quake which levelled the Haitian capital Port-au-Prince, were random, weather-related natural disasters were increasing in number and scale.

“It’s partly the very obvious things like the number of cyclones and the intensity of the cyclones, and the amount of flooding,” he said. “But is also in slightly more invisible ways — in Africa with drought spreading, desertification spreading.

” Holmes said officials were particularly concerned about places where a combination of factors — such as large populations, or likelihood of earthquake, or susceptibility to rising sea levels — made them more vulnerable. “One of things we worry about is mega cities could produce, at some point, a mega disaster,” he said. “Cities like Kathmandu for example, which sits on two earthquake faults, where a large earthquake will come along… and the results could be catastrophic.”

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G8 joint statement on global food security – L’Aquila Food Security Initiative (AFSI)

1. We, Heads of State, Government and International and Regional Organizations convened in L’Aquila, remain deeply concerned about global food security, the impact of the global financial and economic crisis and last year’s spike in food prices on the countries least able to respond to increased hunger and poverty. While the prices of food commodities have decreased since their peak of 2008, they remain high in historical terms and volatile. The combined effect of longstanding underinvestment in agriculture and food security, price trends and the economic crisis have led to increased hunger and poverty in developing countries, plunging more than a further 100 million people into extreme poverty and jeopardising the progress achieved so far in meeting the Millennium Development Goals. The number of people suffering from hunger and poverty now exceeds 1 billion.

2. There is an urgent need for decisive action to free humankind from hunger and poverty. Food security, nutrition and sustainable agriculture must remain a priority issue on the political agenda, to be addressed through a cross-cutting and inclusive approach, involving all relevant stakeholders, at global, regional and national level. Effective food security actions must be coupled with adaptation and mitigation measures in relation to climate change, sustainable management of water, land, soil and other natural resources, including the protection of biodiversity.

3. We therefore agree to act with the scale and urgency needed to achieve sustainable global food security. To this end, we will partner with vulnerable countries and regions to help them develop and implement their own food security strategies, and together substantially increase sustained commitments of financial and technical assistance to invest in those strategies. Our action will be characterized by a comprehensive approach to food security, effective coordination, support for country-owned processes and plans as well as by the use of multilateral institutions whenever appropriate. Delivering on our commitments in a timely and reliable manner, mutual accountability and a sound policy environment are key to this effort. We see a comprehensive approach as including: increased agriculture productivity, stimulus to pre and post-harvest interventions, emphasis on private sector growth, smallholders, women and families, preservation of the natural resource base, expansion of employment and decent work opportunities, knowledge and training, increased trade flows, and support for good governance and policy reform.

4. Food security is closely connected with economic growth and social progress as well as with political stability and peace. The food security agenda should focus on agriculture and rural development by promoting sustainable production, productivity and rural economic growth. At the same time, coherent policies to foster economy-wide growth, which is inclusive and environmentally sustainable, are to be pursued in conjunction with social protection mechanisms such as safety nets and social policies for the most vulnerable. Our attention to promoting access to health care and education in rural areas will substantially contribute to productivity and economic growth and, as importantly, improve nutrition and food security. It is necessary to improve access to food through more equitable income generation and distribution, employment creation and income prospects in developing countries.

5. Sustained and predictable funding and increased targeted investments are urgently required to enhance world food production capacity. Commitments to increase ODA must be fulfilled. The tendency of decreasing ODA and national financing to agriculture must be reversed. We are committed to increase investments in short, medium and long term agriculture development that directly benefits the poorest and makes best use of international institutions. We support public-private partnerships with adequate emphasis on the development of infrastructure aimed at increasing resources for agriculture and improving investment effectiveness.

6. Access to adequate and affordable nutritious food is a critical aspect of food security. Emergency assistance will remain an important means through which national authorities, supported by WFP and other specialized Agencies, Funds and Programmes, together with non-governmental organizations, can provide help to people facing acute hunger. Delivering food, cash and vouchers through effective emergency assistance as well as through national safety-nets and nutrition schemes, such as food and cash for work, unconditional cash transfer programs, school feeding and mother-and-child nutrition programs, is an imperative goal. In the long-term, government led, cash based social protection systems and targeted nutrition interventions are needed to support the poorest and excluded populations. We call upon all nations to support these aims by providing sufficient, more predictable and flexible resources. We also call upon all countries to remove food export restrictions or extraordinary taxes, especially for food purchased for humanitarian purposes, and to consult and notify in advance before imposing any new restriction. The feasibility, effectiveness and administrative modalities of a system of stockholding in dealing with humanitarian food emergencies or as a means to limit price volatility need to be further explored. We call upon the relevant International Institutions to provide us with evidence allowing us to make responsible strategic choices on this specific issue.

7. Open trade flows and efficient markets have a positive role in strengthening food security. National and regional strategies should promote the participation of farmers, especially smallholders and women, into community, domestic, regional and international markets. Markets must remain open, protectionism rejected and factors potentially affecting commodity price volatility, including speculation, monitored and analysed further. We are therefore committed to reduce trade distortions and refrain from raising new barriers to trade and investment and from implementing WTO-inconsistent measures to stimulate exports. To this end, we aim at an ambitious, comprehensive and balanced conclusion of the Doha Development Round and call for renewed, determined efforts to bring it to a timely and successful conclusion. We are committed to improve access to information, promote conducive business environments and investment in rural infrastructure, such as transportation, processing, storage facilities and irrigation schemes.

8. Strengthening global and local governance for food security is key to defeating hunger and malnutrition, as well as to promote rural development. Improved global governance should build on existing International Organizations and International Financial Institutions, making use of their comparative advantage, enhancing their coordination and effectiveness and avoiding duplications. To this end, we support the UN High Level Task

Force on the Global Food Security Crisis. At the same time, we support the fundamental reform processes underway in the FAO, the Committee on World Food Security, the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research and the global agricultural research system through the Global Forum on Agricultural Research.

9. By joining efforts with partners and relevant stakeholders around the world, we can together design and implement an effective food security strategy, with priority on the world’s poorest regions. We agree to support a global effort whose core principles are country ownership and effectiveness. We pledge to advance by the end of 2009 – consistent with our other actions aimed at an improved global governance for food security – the implementation of the Global Partnership for Agriculture and Food Security. Its mission includes enhancing cooperation in achieving global food security, promoting better coordination at the country level and ensuring that local and regional interests are duly voiced and considered. We intend that the Global Partnership will count on a reformed and effective Committee on World Food Security involving all relevant stakeholders, including Governments, International and Regional Organisations, IFIs, civil society and farmers organizations, the private sector and scientific community.

10. We support the implementation of country and regional agricultural strategies and plans through country-led coordination processes, consistent with the Accra Agenda for Action and leveraging on the Comprehensive Framework for Action of the UN High Level Task Force and on existing donor coordination mechanisms. Building on the experience of FAO, IFAD and other Agencies, special focus must be devoted to smallholder and women farmers and their access to land, financial services, including microfinance and markets. Sustained efforts and investments are necessary for enhancing agricultural productivity and for livestock and fisheries development. Priority actions should include improving access to better seeds and fertilizers, promoting sustainable management of water, forests and natural resources, strengthening capacities to provide extension services and risk management instruments, and enhancing the efficiency of food value chains. In this regard, the increased involvement of civil society and private sector is a key factor of success. Investment in and access to education, research, science and technologies should be substantially strengthened at national, regional and international level. Their dissemination, as well as the sharing of information and best practices including through North-South, South-South and Triangular cooperation, is essential to promote knowledge-based policy and national capacity. We recognize the opportunities and challenges associated with renewable energy production from biomasses. Related investment should be promoted in a sustainable way compatible with our food security goals.

11. In Africa, NEPAD’s Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Program (CAADP) is an effective vehicle for ensuring that resources are targeted to a country’s plans and priorities. Local ownership must begin with the national political will to develop and implement comprehensive food security strategies, based on sound scientific evidence, inclusive consultation, domestic investment and clear directions. We also acknowledge the positive contribution of African-led public-private partnership such as the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa. We commit to provide resources – whether financial, in-kind or technical assistance – in support of CAADP and other similar regional and national plans in Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, and Asia.

12. We are determined to translate these principles into action and take all the necessary measures to achieve global food security. We will aim at substantially increasing aid to agriculture and food security including through multiyear resource commitments. In this respect, we welcome the commitments made by countries represented at L’Aquila towards a goal of mobilizing $20 billion over three years through this coordinated, comprehensive strategy focused on sustainable agriculture development, while keeping a strong commitment to ensure adequate emergency food aid assistance. We encourage other countries and private actors to join in the common effort towards global food security through a coherent approach. We are determined to improve coordination of financing mechanisms and stand ready to ensure that new resources complement existing facilities and programmes and catalyse additional funds around country-owned strategies, in particular to increase food production, improve access to food and empower smallholder farmers to gain access to enhanced inputs, technologies, credit and markets.

L’Aquila 10 July 2009

The Joint Statement on Global Food Security (“L’Aquila Food Security Initiative”) is endorsed by the G8 and by Algeria, Angola, Australia, Brazil, Denmark, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Indonesia, Libya (Presidency of the African Union), Mexico, The Netherlands, Nigeria, People’s Republic of China, Republic of Korea, Senegal, Spain, South Africa, Turkey, Commission of the African Union, FAO, IEA, IFAD, ILO, IMF, OECD, The Secretary General’s UN High Level Task Force on the Global Food Security Crisis, WFP, The World Bank, WTO who attended the food security session at the G8 Summit in L’Aquila on 10 July 2009 and by the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA), Bioversity/Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), Global Donor Platform for Rural Development , Global Forum on Agricultural Research (GFAR).

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